Air pollution has become one of the major concerning issues these days. A recent survey highlighted that Delhi’s 24-hour average air pollution — 900micrograms per cubic meter of suspended particulate matter finer than 2.5 micrometers — was 40 times higher than the safer limits set by World Health Organization (WHO) (25ug/m3) and around 15 times higher than the Indian standards (60ug/m3).
Delhi was literally covered under the smog forcing everyone to take all the possible precautionary measures to avoid the direct inhalation of such polluted air. The cover of smog on the city has affected all the segments of its population — the children, senior citizens, construction laborers, street workers, people who work from home as well as sportspersons and I am no exception either. Exposure to air pollution has an adverse impact on the lungs of growing children. It affects human health, animals, and plants as well as the environment. As a matter of fact, more than seven million deaths occurred due to continual exposure to polluted air in the year 2012. It is estimated to kill around 1.5 million people every year in India. Stats are really frightening and most likely to get even worse in near future if no concrete actions have been taken in this concern. At the moment we can imagine the kind of life/environment we are going to give to our coming generations. They may have to buy or fight for fresh air/oxygen to survive.
Air pollutants mainly consist of gaseous pollutants, odours and SPM (suspended particulate matter) such as dust, fumes, mist and smoke. They pose a serious threat to human health. According to a survey of 1600 world cities conducted by the World Health Organization, it was highlighted that the quality of air in Delhi is worse than all the major cities across the globe. Air quality index dipped to record low after Diwali.
With the increase in the level of pollution, the symptoms of severe diseases like asthma and bronchitis are likely to be aggravated to a great extent. It also results in hypertension, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Silicosis is one of the most common dust related diseases which is caused due to polluted air. Long-term health effects of air pollution include severe damage to the brain, nerves, liver and kidneys. It also results in the depletion of the ozone layer which is imperative for the existence of ecosystems on earth.
With the deteriorating condition of the environment, there arises a dire need to ensure appropriate steps for its welfare and protection. It is imperative to combat the issue of air pollution in order to put an end to the worsening environmental conditions.
What steps you think can be taken to curb air pollution? There can be few alternatives to fight against such a monster called pollution.
- Odd/Even rule prove handy in such a scenario.
- The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the state governments of Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to immediately ban the burning of crop residue.
- Spreading awareness and encouraging people to use public transport as much as possible.
- Imposing heavy penalties on violators for violating environment laws and regulations.
- Make use of renewable sources of energy like solar energy.
- Complete ban on use of plastic.
- Increasing forest cover inside Delhi NCR.
What’s your take on this? Your comments/suggestions are highly valuable as we all have to come together to fight against such life threatening issues.
We are Looking forward to your participation.